A 5G mm-Wave Compact VCO in 0.25 µm pHEMT Technology

Abdelhafid ES-SAQY, Maryam ABATA, Mahmoud MEHDI, Mohammed FATTAH, Said MAZER, Moulhime EL BEKKALI, Catherine ALGANI

Abstract


A 5G mm-wave monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) based on GaAs pHEMT of PH25 process from UMS foundry is presented in this paper. The VCO is designing by adopting varactors based on pHEMT transistors for achieving a very small chip size.
Simulation results have shown that the designed VCO delivers an output power of 0 dBm over the entire tuning range from 27.67 GHz to 28.91 GHz, a phase noise of -96,274 dBc/Hz and -116,24 dBc/Hz at 1 and 10 MHz offset frequency respectively. The DC power consumed by the VCO is about of 111 mW and it occupies an area of 0.268 mm2. According to our knowledge, this structure occupies the smallest surface area compared to oscillators designed with pHEMTs, published in the literature.

Keywords


Compact VCO; pHEMT varactor; pHEMT transistor; mm-Wave band; 5G

References


J.G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C.K. Soong, J.C. Zhang, “What Will 5G Be?”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 32, pp. 1065–1082, 2014.

Y. Niu, Y. Li D. Jin, L. Su, A. V. Vasilakos, “A survey of millimeter wave communications (mmWave) for 5G: opportunities and challenges”, Springer Wireless Networks, vol. 21, pp. 2657–2676, 2015.

R. I. Boby, K. Abdullah, A. Z. Jusoh, N. Parveen, and A. L. Asnawi, “A wireless precoding technique for millimetre-wave MIMO system based on SIC-MMSE”, TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control, vol. 17, pp. 2782-2789, 2019.

S. C. Bera, “Microwave Active Devices and Circuits for Communication”, Springer Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, vol. 533, 2019.

A. Malki, L. E. Abdellaoui, J. Zbitou, A. Errkik, A. Tajmouati, and M. Latrach, “A Novel Design of Voltage Controlled Oscillator By using the Method of Negative Resistance”, International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 8, pp. 4496-4504, 2018.

F. Herzel, G. Panic, J. Borngraber, and D. Kissinger, “An Integrated VCO with Frequency Tripler in SiGe BiCMOS with a 1-dB Bandwidth from 22 GHz to 32 GHz for Multiband 5G Wireless Networks”, in 2019 12th German Microwave Conference (GeMiC), Stuttgart, Germany, pp. 99–102, 2019.

M. H. Kashani, R. Molavi, S. Mirabbasi, ‘’ A 2.3-mW 26.3-GHz Gm-Boosted Differential Colpitts VCO With 20% Tuning Range in 65-nm CMOS’’, IEEE Transactions on microwave theory and techniques, vol. 67, pp. 1556-1565, 2019.

G. Cheng, Z. Li, Z. Li, T. Han, M. Tian, “A 22-to-36.8 GHz low phase noise Colpitts VCO array in 0.13-μm SiGe BiCMOS technology”, Microelectronics Journal, vol. 88, pp. 79-87, 2019.

A. Siddique, T. S. Delwar, M. Kurbanov, J. Y. Ryu, ‘’Low-Power Low-Phase Noise VCO for 24 GHz Applications’’, Microelectronics Journal, vol. 97, pp. 1-23, 2020.

A. Es-Saqy, M. Abata, S. Mazer, M. El Bekkali, Y. Balboul, M. Elghazi, M. Fattah, M. Mehdi, C. Algani, “Design of a MMIC Colpitts VCO for 5G mm-wave band Applications”, in The first international conference on smart information & communication technologies, Saidia, Morocco, 2019

A. Es-Saqy, M. Abata, S. Mazer, M. Fattah, M. Mehdi, M. El Bekkali, C. Algani, “Very Low Phase Noise Voltage Controlled Oscillator for 5G mm-wave Communication Systems”, in The 1st International Conference on Innovative Research in Applied Science, Engineering and Technology IRASET’2020, Meknes, Morocco, 2020.

A. Es-Saqy, M. Abata, M. Mehdi, S. Mazer, M. Fattah, M. El Bekkali, C. Algani, “28 GHz Balanced pHEMT VCO with Low Phase Noise and High Output Power Performance for 5G mm-Wave Systems,” International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 10, 2020.

L. Iotti, A. Mazzanti, and F. Svelto, “Insights Into Phase-Noise Scaling in Switch-Coupled Multi-Core LC VCOs for E-Band Adaptive Modulation Links”, IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 52, pp. 1703–1718, 2017.

F. Ullah, Y. Liu, Z. Li, X. Wang, M. M. Sarfraz, and H. Zhang, “A Wideband Tunable Voltage Controlled Oscillator Supporting Non-harmonically-Related Multiple Frequency Bands for Future 5G Applications Using 0.13-um SiGe BiCMOS Technology,” in 2018 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Integrated Circuits and Microsystems (ICICM), Shanghai, pp. 160–163, 2018.

B. Piernas, K. Nishikawa, T. Nakagawa, K. Araki, “A Compact and Low-Phase-Noise Ka-Band pHEMT-Based VCO”, IEEE Transactions On Microwave Theory And Techniques, vol. 51, pp. 778 - 783, 2003.

A. Es-Saqy, M. Abata, S. Mazer, I. Halkhams, M. Mehdi, and C. Algani, “Comparative Study Between Hartley and Colpitts VCO for 5G MM-Wave Band Applications”, in 2019 7th Mediterranean Congress of Telecommunications (CMT), Fès, Morocco, pp. 1–4, 2019.

H. Hong, J. Jiang, X. Yuan, S. Ji, S. Keke, and G. Su, “A Low-Power High-Output-Efficiency Bipolar Colpitts VCO Using Base Inductive Feedback and Q-factor Enhancement for Analog Signal Acquisition”, IEICE Electronics Express, vol. 2020.

R. Z. Nanfa’a, R. Tchitnga, P.H. Louodop Fotso, R. Kengne, F.C. Talla, B. Nana, F.B. Pelap, “Non periodic oscillations, bistability, coexistence of chaos and hyperchaos in the simplest resistorless Op-Amp based Colpitts oscillator,” Heliyon, vol. 6, pp. 1-12, 2020.

Y. Wen, S. Xiaowei, Q. Rong, Z. Yimen, “26-GHz pHEMT VCO MMIC”, Wiley Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 44, pp. 550–552, 2005.

M. Ribate, R. Mandry , J. Zbitou , L. El Abdellaoui , A. Errkik , M. Latrach, “a 1.25 GHz – 3.3 GHz broadband solid-state power amplifier for L and S bands applications”, International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 9, pp. 3633-3641, 2019.

A. Hajimiri, T.H. LEE, “A General Theory of Phase Noise in Electrical Oscilltors” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Cicruits, vol. 33, pp. 179-194, 1998.

Ulrich L. Rohde and Matthias Rudolph, “RF/MICROWAVE CIRCUIT DESIGN FOR WIRELESS APPLICATIONS”, John Wiley Sons, pp. 716-847, 2013.

R. O. Ibrahim, S. M. Abd El-Azeem, S. M. El-Ghanam, and F. A. S. Soliman, “Studying the operation of MOSFET RC-phase shift oscillator under different environmental conditions,” Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 2020.

A. F. Hasan, S. A. Z. Murad, F. A. Bakar, and T. Z. A. Zulkifli, “A 28 GHz high efficiency fully integrated 0.18 µm combined CMOS power amplifier using power divider technique for 5G millimeter-wave applications”, Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, vol. 9, pp. 644–651, 2020.

X. Wang, X.-W. Zhu, C. Yu, and W. Hong, “Compact and Low-Phase-Noise Oscillator Employing Multilayer Sixteenth-Mode Substrate-Integrated Waveguide Filter for 5G Applications”, IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, vol. 9, pp. 1863–1871, 2019.

M. A. Shehata, M. Keaveney, and R. B. Staszewski, “A 184.6-dBc/Hz FoM 100-kHz Flicker Phase Noise Corner 30-GHz Rotary Traveling-Wave Oscillator Using Distributed Stubs in 22-nm FD-SOI”, IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters, vol. 2, pp. 103–106, 2019.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v11i1.pp%25p
Total views : 0 times


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578