Multi-objective Pareto front and particle swarm optimization algorithms for power dissipation reduction in microprocessors

Diary R. Sulaiman


The progress of microelectronics making possible higher integration densities, and a considerable development of on-board systems are currently undergoing, this growth comes up against a limiting factor of power dissipation. Higher power dissipation will cause an immediate spread of generated heat which causes thermal problems. Consequently, the system's total consumed energy will increase as the system temperature increase.
High temperatures in microprocessors and large thermal energy of computer systems produce huge problems of system confidence, performance, and cooling expenses. Power consumed by processors are mainly due to the increase in number of cores and the clock frequency, which is dissipated in the form of heat and causes thermal challenges for chip designers. As the microprocessor’s performance has increased remarkably in
Nano-meter technology, power dissipation is becoming non-negligible. To solve this problem, this article addresses power dissipation reduction issues for high performance processors using multi-objective Pareto front (PF), and particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithms to achieve power dissipation as a prior computation that reduces the real delay of a target microprocessor unit. Simulation is verified the conceptual fundamentals and optimization of joint body and supply voltages (Vth-VDD) which showing satisfactory findings.


Portable processors; Power dissipation; Optimization Techniques; Particle Swarm Optimization; Pareto Front

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578