Simulation of a Microgrid for a Non-Interconnected Zone That Integrates Renewable Energies

German Reina, Mauricio Felipe Mauledoux Monroy, Oscar Fernando Avilés Sánchez


This paper develops a simulation of a small electrical network (Microgid) that integrates renewable energies, the model of the micro network is made up of a solar energy source, a wind energy source, an energy storage element, a non-renewable source such as a diesel generator. The model of the microgrid represent a non-interconnected area from the electrical network in Colombia. The non-interconnected areas sometimes depend on unreliable connections to the grid integration of renewable energies could be the best option to guarantee energy in these sectors and allow generating projects with social impact. A possible solution to this deficit of energy is to supplement the production of energy with renewable energy plants from resources as sun or wind. The simulated model allowed to study the effects of the network in island mode and in interconnected mode, showing the imbalances that can be obtained by integrating renewable energies and storage systems. It is verified that with an inclusion of more than 30% of power in renewable energies there is the possibility of having load imbalances, which affect the frequency and cause instability in the network. It also verifies how a control system can regulate the load balance but must interact with the other energy sources


Renewable; Energy; Smart Grid; Non-interconnected


IPSE, “Soluciones energéticas para las zonas no interconectadas de colombia IPSE,” 2014.

K. Takada, “Smart Grid Related Activity in NEDO: Why Smart grid is needed,” 2009.

R. Perez and T. E. Hoff, “Energy and Capacity Valuation of Photovoltaic Power Generation in New York,” 2008.

S. M. Bitar S Fernando Chamas B, “estudio de factibilidad para la implementacion de sistemas fotovoltaicos como fuente de energía en el sector industrial de colombia.”

Á. Pinilla, "Manual de Aplicación de la Energía Eólica". 1997.

K. Wright, “2011 Utility of the Year: OG&E,” 2011. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 20-Jun-2011].

International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), “Smart Grids and Renewables. A Cost-Benefit Analysis Guide for Developing Countries,” 2015.

IPSE, “Informe mensual de Telemetria ( Puerto Carreño - Vichada),” in Informe Mensual De Telemetría Diciembre 1 - 31 DE 2014, 2014, p. 11.

IDEAM, “Promedio Horario de la Radiación,” vol. 200, p. 5152, 2014.

IDEAM, “Promedio Velocidad del Viento,” pp. 500–500, 2005.

IEEE, “IEEE Std 421.5 TM-2005 IEEE Recommended Practice for Excitation System Models for Power System Stability Studies IEEE Power Engineering Society,” 2006

Oscar Fernando Avilés Sanchez, German Reina and Mauricio Mauledoux, 2018, “Modeling a Microgrid that Integrates Renewable Energies in IEC 61850-7-420 and IEC 61400-25-3”. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, Vol 11. Issue 4, p.p. 174–179, ISSN: 1791-2377. doi: 10.25103/jestr.114.22

R. Kempener, P. Komor, and A. Hoke, “Smart Grids and Renewables - A Guide for Effective Deployment,” Int. Renew. Energy Agency, no. November, p. 47, 2013.

X. Fang, S. Misra, G. Xue, and D. Yang, “Smart Grid – The New and Improved Power Grid: A Survey,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. Preprint, pp. 1–37, 2011

IRENA, “Quality Infrastructure for Renewable Energy Technologies - Guidelines for Policy Makers,” Irena, no. December, p. 56, 2015


A. Marcelo, “Diseño de una pianta Solar Fotovoltaica de 50MW,” Universidad de la Republica Uruguay, 2016.

A. Elgargouri, “Implementation of IEC 61850 in Solar Applications,” no. March, 2012

IEC INTERNATIONAL STANDARD, IEC 61850-7-4 Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 7-4: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment – Compatible logical node classes and data classes. 2010.

BP, “BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2017,” vol. 66, 2017.

IRENA, REthinking Energy, vol. 55, no. July. 2017.

IRENA, Renewable Energy Statistics 2017. 2017.

IEA ETSAP and IRENA, “Renewable Energy Integration in Power Grids. Technology Brief,” no. April, pp. 1–36, 2015

Total views : 0 times

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578