Differential evolution detection models for SMS spam

Sarab M. Hameed

Abstract


With the growth of mobile phones, short message service (SMS) became an essential text communication service. However, the low cost and ease use of SMS led to an increase in SMS Spam. In this paper, the characteristics of SMS spam has studied and a set of features has introduced to get rid of SMS spam. In addition, the problem of SMS spam detection was addressed as a clustering analysis that requires a metaheuristic algorithm to find the clustering structures. Three differential evolution variants viz DE/rand/1, jDE/rand/1, jDE/best/1, are adopted for solving the SMS spam problem. Experimental results illustrate that the jDE/best/1 produces best results over other variants in terms of accuracy, false-positive rate and false-negative rate. Moreover, it surpasses the baseline methods.

Keywords


differential evolution; feature extraction; machine learning; SMS spam classification; SMS spam detection



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v11i1.pp%25p
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578