Electrical Power Generation through Concentrated Solar Technology for the Southern Cities of Iraq

Riyadh Toman Thahab, Ahmed Toman Thahab

Abstract


Abstract:-With a continuing mismatch between generating capacity and demand requirements, Iraqi cities are still enduring scheduled power outages. In this work, concentrated solar power (CSP) technology is proposed and designed for Iraqi cities to be operated as a source injecting power into distribution networks with the objective of boosting the generating power capacity. Since CSP systems require a preliminary study of the direct normal irradiance (DNI), analyses of monthly data is carried out for each of the candidate cities. This is followed by determination of the amount of solar irradiance that falls on a titled collector per month for each location considering the effects of reflection and diffusion. Finally, a thermal power plant is proposed and simulated using the system advisory model (SAM) per city. Results presented show an encouraging number of metrics and confirm the feasibility of such a plant in southern Iraq. The levelised cost of electricity and capacity factor shows a considerable decrease and increase respectively, when the plant is backed-up by a fossil fuel steam cycle under circumstances when a plant loses over 80% of the MW capacity due to drop in solar irradiance. Findings from this work confirm that CSP plants can provide a suitstanable and enviroemntly friendly solution to electrical power shortages in the country.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v10i4.pp%25p
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