ECG signal denoising using a novel approach of adaptive filters for real-time processing

Amean Al-Safi

Abstract


Electro cardio gram (ECG) is considered as the main signal that can be used to diagnose different kinds of diseases related to human heart. During the recording process, it is usually contaminated with different kinds of noise which includes Power-Line Interference, Baseline Wandering and Muscle Contraction. In order to clean the ECG signal, several noise removal techniques have been used such as adaptive filters, empirical mode decomposition, Hilbert-Huang transform, Wavelet-Based algorithm, Discrete Wavelet Transforms, Modulus Maxima of Wavelet Transform, Patch Based Method, and many more. Unfortunately, all the presented methods cannot be used for online processing since it takes long time to clean the ECG signal. The current research presents a unique method for ECG denoising using a novel approach of adaptive filters. The suggested method was tested by using a simulated signal using MATLAB software under different scenarios. Instead of using a reference signal for ECG signal denoising, the presented model uses a unite delay and the primary ECG signal itself. LMS (Least Mean Square), NLMS (Normalized Least Mean Square), and Leaky LMS were used as adaptation algorithms in this paper.

Keywords


adaptive filters; ECG signal denoising; ECG; leaky LMS; LMS; NLMS;



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v11i2.pp%25p
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578