Face recognition using fractional coefficients and discrete cosine transform tool

Mourad Moussa, Maha Hmila, Ali Douik

Abstract


Face recognition is a computer vision application based on biometric information for automatic person identification or verification from image sequence or a video frame. In this context DCT is the easy technique to determine significant parameters. Until now the main object is selection of the coefficients to obtain the best recognition. Many techniques rely on premasking windows to discard the high and low coefficients to enhance performance. However, the problem resides in the shape and size of premask. To improve discriminator ability in discrete cosine transform domain, we used fractional coefficients of the transformed images with discrete cosine transform to limit the coefficients area for a better performance system. Then from the selected bands, we use the discrimination power analysis to search for the coefficients having the highest power to discriminate different classes from each other. Feature selection algorithm is a key issue in all pattern recognition system, in fact this algorithm is utilized to define features vector among several ones, where these features are selected according a specified discrimination criterion. Many classifiers are used to evaluate our approach like, support vector machine and random forests. The proposed approach is validated with Yale and ORL Face databases. Experimental results prove the sufficiency of this method in face and facial expression recognition field.

Keywords


Classification; discrete cosines transform; discrimination power analysis; random forests; support vector machine;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v11i1.pp892-899

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578