Analysis on techniques used to recognize and identifying the Human emotions

Praveen Kulkarni, Rajesh T. M.

Abstract


Facial expression is a major area for non-verbal language in day to day life communication. As the statistical analysis shows only 7 percent of the message in communication was covered in verbal communication while 55 percent transmitted by facial expression. Emotional expression has been a research subject of physiology since Darwin’s work on emotional expression in the 19th century. According to Psychological theory the classification of human emotion is classified majorly into six emotions: happiness, fear, anger, surprise, disgust, and sadness. Facial expressions which involve the emotions and the nature of speech play a foremost role in expressing these emotions. Thereafter, researchers developed a system based on Anatomic of face named Facial Action Coding System (FACS) in 1970. Ever since the development of FACS there is a rapid progress of research in the domain of emotion recognition. This work is intended to give a thorough comparative analysis of the various techniques and methods that were applied to recognize and identify human emotions. This analysis results will help to identify the proper and suitable techniques, algorithms and the methodologies for future research directions. In this paper extensive analysis on the various recognition techniques used to identify the complexity in recognizing the facial expression is presented. This work will also help researchers and scholars to ease out the problem in choosing the techniques used in the identification of the facial expression domain.

Keywords


Classification; Face detection; Feature extraction

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v10i3.pp3307-3314
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578