Objective functions modification of GA optimized PID controller for brushed DC motor

A.A.M. Zahir, Syed Sahal Nazli Alhady, A.A.A Wahab, M.F. Ahmad

Abstract


PID Optimization by Genetic Algorithm or any intelligent optimization method is widely being used recently. The main issue is to select a suitable objective function based on error criteria. Original error criteria that is widely being used such as ITAE, ISE, ITSE and IAE is insufficient in enhancing some of the performance parameter. Parameter such as settling time, rise time, percentage of overshoot, and steady state error is included in the objective function. Weightage is added into these parameters based on users’ performance requirement. Based on the results, modified error criteria show improvement in all performance parameter after being modified. All of the error criteria produce 0% overshoot, 29.51%-39.44% shorter rise time, 21.11%-42.98% better settling time, 10% to 53.76% reduction in steady state error. The performance of modified objective function in minimizing the error signal is reduced. It can be concluded that modification of objective function by adding performance parameter into consideration could improve the performance of rise time, settling time, overshoot percentage, and steady state error

Keywords


PID Controller, PID Tuning Method, Genetic Algorithm, Objective Function, Error Criteria

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v10i3.pp2426-2433
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