Hybrid multiple watermarking technique for securing medical images of modalities MRI, CT scan, and X-ray

Imane Assini, Abdelmajid Badri, Aicha Sahel, Abdennaceur Baghdad


In order to contribute to the security of sharing and transferring medical images, we had presented a multiple watermarking technique for multiple protections; it was based on the combination of three transformations: the discrete wavelet transform (DWT), the fast Walsh-Hadamard transform (FWHT) and, the singular value decomposition (SVD). In this paper, three watermark images of sizes 512x 512 were inserted into a single medical image of various modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and X-Radiation (X-ray). After applying DWT up to the third level on the original image, the high-resolution sub-bands were being selected subsequently to apply FWHT and then SVD. The singular values of the three watermark images were inserted into the singular values of the cover medical image. The experimental results showed the effectiveness of the proposed method in terms of quality and robustness compared to other reported techniques cited in the literature.


Digital watermarking; Medical image; DWT; FWHT; SVD

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v10i3.pp2349-2356
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578