Solar radiation forecasting in nigeria based on hybrid PSO-ANFIS and WT-ANFIS approach

Sani Salisu, Mohd Wazir Mustafa, Mamunu Mustapha, Olatunji Obalowu Mohammed


For an effective and reliable solar energy production, there is need for precise solar radiation knowledge. In this study, two hybrid approaches are investigated for horizontal solar radiation prediction in Nigeria. These approaches combine an Adaptive Neuro-fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Wavelet Transform (WT) algorithms. Meteorological data comprising of monthly mean sunshine hours (SH), relative humidity (RH), minimum temperature (Tmin) and maximum temperature (Tmax) ranging from 2002-2012 were utilized for the forecasting. Based on the statistical evaluators used for performance evaluation which are the root mean square error and the coefficient of determination (RMSE and R²), the two models were found to be very worthy models for solar radiation forecasting. The statistical indicators show that the hybrid WT-ANFIS model’s accuracy outperforms the PSO-ANFIS model by 65% RMSE and 9% R². The results show that hybridizing the ANFIS by PSO and WT algorithms is efficient for solar radiation forecasting even though the hybrid WT-ANFIS gives more accurate results.


Nigeria; prediction; PSO-ANFIS; solar radiation; WT-ANFIS;

Full Text:



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578