K-NN Classification of Brain Dominance

Khairul Amrizal Abu Nawas, Mahfuzah Mustafa, Rosdiyana Samad, Dwi Pebrianti, Nor Rul Hasma Abdullah

Abstract


The brain dominance is referred to right brain and left brain. The brain dominance can be observed with an Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal to identify different types of electrical pattern in the brain and will form the foundation of one’s personality. The objective of this project is to analyze brain dominance by using Wavelet analysis. The Wavelet analysis is done in 2-D Gabor Wavelet and the result of 2-D Gabor Wavelet is validated with an establish brain dominance questionnaire. Twenty-one samples from University Malaysia Pahang (UMP) student are required to answer the establish brain dominance questionnaire has been collected in this experiment. Then, brainwave signal will record using Emotiv device. The threshold value is used to remove the artifact and noise from data collected to acquire a smoother signal. Next, the Band-pass filter is applied to the signal to extract the sub-band frequency components from Delta, Theta, Alpha, and Beta. After that, it will extract the energy of the signal from image feature extraction process. Next the features were classified by using K-Nearest Neighbor (K-NN) in two ratios which 70:30 and 80:20 that are training set and testing set (training: testing). The ratio of 70:30 gave the highest percentage of 83% accuracy while a ratio of 80:20 gave 100% accuracy. The result shows that 2-D Gabor Wavelet was able to classify brain dominance with accuracy 83% to 100%.

Keywords


brain dominance; K-NN; wavelet

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v8i4.pp2494-2502
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578